COVID-19 and the Black Lives Matter protests have turned race and racism into hot topics in both the United States and China. Throughout the pandemic, President Trump has been condemned as a racist for labeling the coronavirus “Kung Flu,” “China virus,” and “Wuhan virus.”

Washington seems to be having conflicts with Beijing on almost every front. There’s everything from the trade war to China’s culpability in spreading the coronavirus to its repression of civil liberties in Hong Kong. News headlines regularly scream about a new Cold War between the United States and China. 

Are we in a new Cold War with China? China would be a much more formidable enemy than Iraq, the Taliban, or ISIS. How should the United States confront China in multiple realms—economic, political, military, public health, human rights—while avoiding an unintentional war?