Edward Pinto is a senior fellow and the director of the AEI Housing Center at the American Enterprise Institute. He is currently researching how to increase the entry-level housing supply for first-time buyers and renters who earn hourly wages, as well as examining the current house price boom that began in 2012. This continues his previous work on the role of federal housing policy in the 2008 mortgage and financial crisis.

Edward joins Phoebe and Robert to discuss the housing market, housing finance, and racial bias in home appraisals.

Benedic Ippolito is a senior fellow in economic policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, where his research focuses on public finance and health economics. He studies health care financing, the pharmaceutical market and its regulations, and the effect of health care costs on the personal finances of Americans.

Ben joins Phoebe and Robert to discuss drug pricing, medical debt, surprise medical billing, and his work with the legislative branch.

Benedic Ippolito is a senior fellow in economic policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, where his research focuses on public finance and health economics. He studies health care financing, the pharmaceutical market and its regulations, and the effect of health care costs on the personal finances of Americans.

Ben joins Phoebe and Robert to discuss drug pricing, medical debt, surprise medical billing, and his work with the legislative branch.

John Yoo is a nonresident senior fellow at AEI. He has worked in all three branches of government, notably as an official in the US Department of Justice, where he worked on national security and terrorism after the September 11 attacks. He also served as general counsel of the US Senate Judiciary Committee and he was a law clerk for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas.

John joins Robert and Phoebe at the Old Parkland Conference to discuss the Supreme Court leak, his time working for Justice Thomas, and his advice to Vice President Pence on certifying the 2020 election results.

Ian Rowe is a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, where he focuses on education and upward mobility, family formation, and adoption. In his new book “Agency” (Templeton Press, May 2022), Ian Rowe seeks to inspire young people of all races to build strong families and become masters of their own destiny.

Ian joins Phoebe and Robert for a special Banter episode at the Old Parkland Conference in Dallas. He discusses the historic roots of the conference, his F.R.E.E. framework, and Black conservatism in America.

Matt Continetti is a Senior Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, where his work is focused on American political thought and history, specifically focusing on the development of the Republican party and the American conservative movement in the 20th Century.

Matt joins Robert and Phoebe on the podcast this week to discuss his new book, “The Right: The Hundred-Year War for American Conservatism” (Basic Books 2022). Matt and our hosts dive into significant figures on the Right, past and present, and the conservative movement’s historic successes and tensions.

Jason Blessing is a Jeane Kirkpatrick Visiting Research Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, where he focuses on cybersecurity, military cyber forces, military technological transformation and force structure, US cyber defense policy including civilian-military dynamics in cyberspace, and cyber defense agreements.

Jason joins Phoebe and Robert to discuss cybersecurity and intelligence in the context of the Russia-Ukraine war. He explains the role of the NSA and Cyber Command in maintaining cybersecurity and countering cyber warfare, and the role of General Nakasone. He also analyzes what cyber warfare we have and haven’t seen since Russia invaded Ukraine.

James W. Coleman is a nonresident senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, where he focuses on energy policy, including energy commodity, transport, and trade and markets regulation. He is concurrently the Robert G. Storey Distinguished Faculty Fellow and Professor of Law at Southern Methodist University.

James joins Phoebe and Robert to discuss the recent increase in gas prices and energy independence and security after the Russian invasion of Ukraine. He explains how increased regulatory requirements and climate policy are impacting today’s energy insecurity.

Scott Winship is Director of Poverty Studies at the American Enterprise Institute. Before joining AEI, Dr. Winship served as the executive director of the Joint Economic Committee (JEC) and worked at the Foundation for Research on Equal Opportunity, the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, the Brookings Institution and the Pew Charitable Trusts.

On this episode, Scott joins Robert and Phoebe to talk about economic inequality and poverty in America.

Adam White is a resident scholar at AEI, where his work focuses on American constitutionalism, the Supreme Court, and the administrative state. Concurrently, he is assistant professor of law and the director of the C. Boyden Gray Center for the Study of the Administrative State at the Antonin Scalia Law School at George Mason University.

Adam joins Robert and Phoebe to talk about the Supreme Court’s docket, judicial interpretation, the non-delegation doctrine, and the future of the federal bench.

In recognition of this year’s 2020 Irving Kristol Award recipient, Banter welcomes Dr. Nicholas Eberstadt as the first guest for new co-hosts Robert Doar (AEI President and Morgridge Scholar) and Phoebe Keller (AEI Director of Media Relations).

Dr. Eberstadt holds the Henry Wendt Chair in Political Economy at AEI, where he researches and writes extensively on demographics and economic development, and on international security in the Korean peninsula and Asia more specifically. His domestic research focuses on poverty and social well-being. Dr. Eberstadt is also a senior adviser to the National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR).

Earlier this month, Marc Thiessen walked into the Oval Office for a wide-ranging interview with President Trump, discussing everything from the possibility of renaming bases named after Confederates to the administration’s stance toward China. Marc joined the show this week for a special final episode for the three hosts, taking us inside his conversation with the president.

Marc Thiessen is a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute where he studies and writes about American presidential leadership and counterterrorism. A member of the White House senior staff under President George W. Bush, Thiessen served as chief speechwriter to the president and to Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld. A biweekly columnist for The Washington Post, Thiessen has done postgraduate studies at the Naval War College and has a B.A. from Vassar College.

Lockdowns don’t work, argues Lyman Stone in a recent piece. Instead, to really crush the curve of coronavirus infections (rather than just flattening it), we need to follow the model of successful Asian nations and implement a robust system of contact tracing. Lyman called in from Hong Kong to discuss what this would look like, as well as China’s recent efforts to crack down on the city.

Lyman Stone is an Adjunct Fellow at AEI, a Research Fellow at the Institute for Family Studies, and a former International Economist at the US Department of Agriculture. He blogs about migration, population dynamics, and regional economics at In a State of Migration. His work has been covered in the The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, and numerous local outlets.

Dr. Christina Hoff Sommers, or the “Factual Feminist” as she is known online, joined Banter today to discuss the gender discrimination debates surrounding COVID-19, the state of identity politics in America, the new FX show “Mrs. America,” and more.

Christina Hoff Sommers is co-host of the popular podcast “Femsplainers” and author of “The War Against Boys” and “Who Stole Feminism?”. Her writings have appeared in publications such as The Atlantic, The New York Times, and The Washington Post. Dr. Sommers is also the host of the popular video blog, “The Factual Feminist.” She holds a PhD in philosophy from Brandeis University and a BA from New York University.

As summer gives way to winter in the Southern Hemisphere, how prepared are the nations of South and Central America for the coronavirus? AEI fellow Ryan Berg joined the show this week to discuss the likely impact of the virus, and what it means for US foreign policy toward Venezuela, Brazil, and the rest of the region.

Ryan C. Berg is a research fellow at AEI, where he studies Latin American foreign policy and development issues. Before joining AEI, Dr. Berg served as a research consultant at the World Bank and a Fulbright Scholar in Brazil. Fluent in Spanish and Portuguese, Dr. Berg obtained a PhD from the University of Oxford and a BA in government and theology from Georgetown University.

Can President Trump unilaterally “reopen” the country? How much power do the states’ governors have to regulate businesses, parks, and other facilities? Can we make China pay for the economic damage the CCP has wrought? And when and how will these interminable lockdowns end? Law professor, constitutional expert, and podcast aficionado John Yoo joined Banter this week to answer these questions and more.

John Yoo is Emanuel S. Heller Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley, and a visiting scholar at AEI since 2003. He served as a deputy assistant attorney general in the Office of the Legal Counsel of the US Department of Justice from 2001 to 2003, where he worked on constitutional and national security matters, as General Counsel of the US Senate Committee on the Judiciary from 1995–96, and as a law clerk to Justice Clarence Thomas of the US Supreme Court. He is the author “Crisis and Command: A History of Executive Power from George Washington to George W. Bush,” along with several other books.

Congressman Dan Crenshaw’s story needs no embellishment. In 2012, on his third tour of duty in Afghanistan, an improvised explosive device left his right eye destroyed and his left blinded. Only through the careful hand of his surgeons, and what doctors called a miracle, did Crenshaw’s left eye recover partial vision. And yet, he persevered, completing two more deployments. Why?

He tells his story in his new book, “Fortitude: American Resilience in the Era of Outrage,” which he joined Banter to talk about with us. We discuss the outrage culture plaguing our politics, and what we can do about it. Then, we ask the Congressman about America’s response to the coronavirus pandemic, and the long-term implications it is likely to have.

How will the coronavirus shape the future of US national security? Will the world hold China responsible? How is the pandemic affecting America’s strategy toward Iran? And what is the greatest novel about foreign policy? AEI’s Kori Schake answers all these questions and more in this week’s episode of Banter.

Kori N. Schake is the director of foreign and defense policy studies at AEI. Before joining AEI, Dr. Schake was the deputy director-general of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London. She has had a distinguished career in government, working at the US State Department, the US Department of Defense, and the National Security Council at the White House. She is the author of several books, most recently “America vs the West: Can the Liberal World Order Be Preserved?” (2018) and “Safe Passage: The Transition from British to American Hegemony” (2017).

In times of national crisis, how do American institutions respond? AEI President Robert Doar joined Banter this week to discuss the work AEI is doing in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, and draw on his own experience serving in New York’s government in the years following the attacks of September 11.

Robert Doar is the president and Morgridge Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. He joined AEI in 2014 to create a new body of work on poverty studies, after serving for more than 20 years in leadership positions in the social service programs of New York State and New York City under Gov. George Pataki and Mayor Michael Bloomberg. AEI’s poverty studies program and the scholars in it have since become leading voices in the national discussion on the importance of work, family, and personal responsibility in human flourishing.

During the later years of the George W. Bush administration and throughout the presidency of Barack Obama, a group that came to be known as “reformocons” began arguing that the Right needed to update its policy agenda; formulated to address the circumstances of the late 1970s, it had since gradually hardened into a set of dogmatic slogans. Family, community, traditional religion, civil society, and civic republicanism needed protection and support, they argued. But taking these social concerns seriously did not mean abandoning the Right’s affinity for market economics; it meant putting that affinity to use in the service of empowering working families.

What has come of this agenda? How does the presidency of Donald Trump relate to it? And will reform conservatism be a force in the future? To discuss these questions and more, we were joined by Dr. Yuval Levin.