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Last time we saw how you physically expose a panel. That is, how you shoot it with ultraviolet light to get a pattern into the stuff so that you can do things to that pattern later on. Today the plan is to talk about all the ways this can go wrong. We’ll start with the big one: alignment. If you’ll recall the profile of the jumping trace we looked at a couple weeks ago:
See that trace on the top? Suppose you were to shift it over to the right. Eventually, you’d lose contact with your left via and you’ve got a hole in your wire. Busted circuit, sorry, can’t sell that one. Now imagine you’re shifting it forwards or backward; sooner or later you lose contact with your via and again you start making scrap. Or twist it side to side. Or shift it and twist it. Suddenly you’re wondering how they get these things on there at all. Don’t worry, it gets worse. Suppose both the vias and the top trace are aligning to the bottom traces. The vias get printed in an okay spot, but a little south of where they ought to be. Still in tolerance. The trace gets placed in its own okay spot, but a little north of where it ought to be. See where I’m going with this? The compounding of the two errors is enough to, again, cost you money. The problems compound when you have a second phototool on the bottom to align as well.More