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During the hearings on Amy Coney Barrett’s nomination to the Supreme Court, one constant theme was whether her vote would jeopardize the Affordable Care Act. From the time of its inception, the ACA was a grievous social and economic mistake. Thereafter, Chief Justice John Roberts’s decision in NFIB v. Sebelius (2012) was a constitutional train wreck. Notwithstanding this sorry history, the most recent challenge to the ACA—raised in Texas v. California—is whether neutralizing the individual mandate under Section § 5000A(c) of the GOP’s Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) undoes the whole statute. This new challenge to the ACA is a sure constitutional loser, no matter what view one takes of the original legislation.
To set the stage for the current dispute, it is necessary to recapitulate the two key constitutional challenges to the ACA in NFIB v. Sebelius. The first was that the ACA exceeded the scope of the Commerce Clause, which gives Congress the power to “regulate commerce among the several states.” The second was that the individual mandate counts as a “tax” that falls within Congress’s power “to lay and collect taxes.”