This episode of the AEI Events Podcast features a 2016 conversation between Wall Street Journal’s Paul Gigot and federal Judge Brett Kavanaugh on the role of judges and the Supreme Court in supporting the rule of law and preserving the separation of powers in the American system of government. Judge Kavanaugh maintains that the Court has a role to play in protecting Congress and the separation of powers: while it is Congress’ task to pass statutes and set boundaries for an agency’s action, the Court should police such boundaries when the agency seeks to work outside of them. This requires a careful balance to ensure that the Court does not interfere unduly with the proper operation of Congress or the executive branch.

The panelists comment that while Madison famously called the Court the “weakest branch,” today it often plays an outsized role in the political process. Activist judges who do not hold to the text of statutes or the Constitution can contribute to this phenomenon, but it also occurs when the other branches punt difficult political policy decisions to the Court for resolution.

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On this episode of the AEI Events Podcast, Rep. Andy Barr (R-KY) joins AEI’s Paul H. Kupiec to discuss the competency and governance of the Federal Reserve System. They discuss whether an informed citizen has the capacity to understand the Fed’s conduct of monetary policy. Rep. Barr explains a bill he proposed that would require the Fed to better articulate and communicate a monetary policy, which he believes would help community members understand the Fed’s thinking and the future path of monetary policy.

Following their conversation, an expert panel further discusses the problems facing the Fed. Peter Conti-Brown of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania discussed where and how to insert politics into the Fed’s institutional space. He believes the goal should be to maximize economic performance. The Cato Institute’s George Selgin believes that the floor operating system running the Fed must be discussed. Brookings Institution’s Aaron Klein addresses the problem of groupthink within the regional banking system. He discusses trends in the selection of regional banking presidents and showed that the majority have been previously affiliated with the Fed. Alex Pollock of the R Street Institute speaks about the Fed’s inevitable knowledge problem, 2 percent inflation, the expropriation of savers, and the Fed and Congress.

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In this episode of the AEI Events Podcast, Judge Brett Kavanaugh of the US Court of Appeals, DC Circuit delivers the Walter Berns Annual Constitutional Day address at AEI. He argues that few justices in history have had as much impact as has William H. Rehnquist, the 16th chief justice of the Supreme Court. Serving the Supreme Court over 33 years, 15 as chief justice, Chief Justice Rehnquist was at the helm of major national events, presiding over the impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton and keeping the Court intact during perhaps the single-most controversial moment in Supreme Court history, Bush v. Gore.

This event took place on September 18, 2017.

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This AEI Events Podcast features economic policy experts discussing the future of community banks. Chairman Blake Luetkemeyer (R-MO) gave a keynote address about his personal experience in banking, the upcoming bill related to community banking, and its potential to help community banks and consumers nationwide.

Following Chairman Luetkemeyer, AEI’s Paul H. Kupiec highlighted the nationwide decline in community banks, especially after the 2007–08 financial crisis. New York University’s Richard Sylla provided a brief historical overview of community banking in the United States, including the growing number of small banks from 1782 to 1920, which contrasts with trends in other advanced economies.

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This AEI Events Podcast features conservative scholars discussing the history and potential return of the welfare-reform-focused movement known as compassionate conservatism. Marvin Olasky of World Magazine began with remarks on the history of compassionate conservatism, particularly during the early 2000s, and offered insight into the movement’s missteps. He emphasized the importance of values and local decision-making in implementing welfare programs and discussed the political factors that undermined compassionate conservatism. Dr. Olasky then moderated a panel of experts, who discussed their views and experience with welfare and the compassionate conservatism movement.

AEI’s Ryan Streeter discussed compassionate conservatism in the context of a broader agenda focused on civil society and community empowerment, particularly at the state level. He emphasized the importance of understanding the conditions that allowed compassionate conservatism to succeed initially. Christopher Fay of Homestretch discussed his experience working in homeless assistance. He lamented the bureaucratic barriers attached to government grants that, he argued, held back welfare programs by preventing work requirements and housing cost-sharing. AEI’s Angela Rachidi discussed her experience working in government agencies and emphasized the importance of balancing government assistance with personal responsibility, arguing that this ethos was shared by many poverty programs but absent in other programs.

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On this Independence Day edition of the AEI Events Podcast, listen to Yascha Mounk discuss his book “The People Versus Democracy: Why Our Freedom Is in Danger and How to Save It” (Harvard University Press, 2018).

In his lecture, Dr. Mounk examined the growing success of populist movements worldwide. He outlined three conditions that have kept democracy stable in the post–World War II era: steady increases in living standards, largely mono-ethnic and monocultural societies, and strong public opinion gatekeepers that tempered political debate. He argued that stagnant real wages, cultural change, and social media have all contributed to populism’s rise in Europe and the United States.

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On this episode of the AEI Events Podcast, tax policy experts gathered to discuss the European Commission’s proposed plan to tax digital commerce. The commission has set forth both an interim plan and a longer-term solution, which will require unanimous consent of the member states to become law.

First, European Finance Commissioner Pierre Moscovici outlined the goals and major objectives of both plans. The interim plan consists of a 3 percent tax on various types of digitally facilitated commerce that meet the commission’s new “significant digital presence” standard. The long-term solution would entail harmonizing corporate tax policies among the member states to establish a uniform formula for digital taxation. Each plan rests on the principal that users are creating value and the states they reside in should be able to tax that value. AEI’s Stan Veuger then discussed the proposal with Mr. Moscovici, focusing on the goals, taxation principals, and political obstacles of the plans.

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On this episode of the AEI Events Podcast, AEI cohosts a discussion with the Hyperloop Advanced Research Partnership (HARP) on the role of hyperloop in the future of transportation. The event commenced with remarks from Pete Rahn, the Maryland transportation secretary and the chairman of the Maryland Transportation Authority, who believes that Maryland has a congestion problem and that they must be open to any concept of innovative transportation that can help them better move people and things.

Following Mr. Rahn’s remarks, Dane Egli, the president and cofounder of HARP, introduced a panel of hyperloop experts to give their opinions on what the future of transportation holds. Sebastien Gendron, the CEO and cofounder of TransPod Hyperloop, believes that regulation is the key for commercialization, and his company’s objective is to develop hyperloop in the US.

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This episode of the AEI Events Podacst is the second of two episodes featuring a bipartisan research symposium on college completion hosted by Frederick M. Hess of AEI and Lanae Erickson Hatalsky of Third Way. The event marked the public release of five new reports in the AEI–Third Way collaborative project “Elevating College Completion.”

The final panel features an impressive group of policy experts who discussed ways that the federal and state governments can help colleges focus on completion, without spurring unintended consequences.

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This episode of the AEI Events Podacst is the first of two episodes featuring a bipartisan research symposium on college completion hosted by Frederick M. Hess of AEI and Lanae Erickson Hatalsky of Third Way. The event marked the public release of five new reports in the AEI–Third Way collaborative project “Elevating College Completion.”

On the first panel, the Urban Institute’s Matthew M. Chingos and the University of Virginia’s Sarah Turner discussed the landscape of college completion. Dr. Turner reviewed recent policy efforts aimed at addressing America’s completion problem, and Dr. Chingos highlighted academic preparation in high school as the key predictor for a student’s future success in college.

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On this episode of the AEI Events Podcast, AEI hosts House Committee on Agriculture Chairman Mike Conaway (R-TX) to discuss the future of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in the 2018 Farm Bill.

Chairman Conaway highlighted work as a vital antipoverty measure. He discussed proposed reforms to SNAP that seek to encourage and reward employment through measures such as work requirements for working-age, able-bodied adult recipients. Following the chairman’s remarks, an expert panel offered their analysis of the bill.

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On this episode of the AEI Event Podcast, four leading agricultural policy experts gather to discuss the farm bill proposal for 2018 and assess the bill’s implications in the context of current and proposed changes to farm subsidy and price support programs.

First Barry Goodwin, a professor at North Carolina State University, spoke about the changes to Title I programs in the new farm bill. He believes that the rhetoric of the proposed changes does not match the economic facts.

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On this episode of the AEI Events Podcast, Mackenzie Eaglen sits down with Secretary of the Air Force Heather Wilson. From cutting-edge hypersonic missiles to humble propeller-driven attack aircraft intended for counterterrorism operations, Secretary Wilson previewed experimental programs that will provide tomorrow’s airmen with the capabilities they need to fly, fight, and win. The secretary also articulated her concept of “defendable space” meant to revolutionize how the Air Force acquires and operates systems for use outside the stratosphere.

Asked to reflect on the most important lesson from her storied career, Secretary of the Air Force Heather Wilson noted that nothing is more critical than living by a consistent set of values.

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On this AEI Events Podcast, AEI’s Roger F. Noriega hosts the new US ambassador to the Organization of American States (OAS), Carlos Trujillo, for a conversation on President Trump’s strategy in the Americas.

In the conversation, Amb. Trujillo introduced himself to the audience and discussed how his busy first few weeks in the Trump administration have progressed. He recently returned from the eighth Summit of the Americas, where he and Vice President Mike Pence met with leaders from around the hemisphere and reenergized the efforts of civil society groups that have been working to restore democracy in challenging political environments.

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On this episode of the AEI Events Podcast, New Orleans’ Mayor Mitch Landrieu reflects on his experiences with governing at the local level and the progress New Orleans has made during his time in office. Having inherited a city struggling with numerous challenges, he recounted how his administration worked to rebuild a foundation for the future through a method he described as “the will and the way.” Rather than trying to restore the city to the way it was before, Mayor Landrieu said the people of New Orleans found the will to rebuild the city as it should have been by taking an “everybody-in” approach to enact reforms, insisting on vertical and horizontal integration.

In a conversation with AEI’s Norman J. Ornstein, Mayor Landrieu talked about how New Orleans has taken steps to address long-standing divisions, such as reforming policing practices to improve relations between police and communities of color. Contrasting federal government with local government, Mayor Landrieu said mayors have no choice but to overcome various divisions in order to move forward because they deal with concrete problems that affect the people they personally interact with in their day-to-day lives. He emphasized that innovation and change at the city level can have national impacts.

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On this AEI Events Podcast, you’ll hear remarks from Rep. Brad Wenstrup (R-OH) on elevating and empowering veterans through VA reform in light of President Trump’s recent executive order “Supporting Our Veterans During Their Transition from Uniformed Services to Civilian Life,” followed by a discussion with experts in veterans’ affairs.

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) recognizes that it must empower and equip veterans with the resources they need to flourish after service, but it struggles to fulfill this mission. A more integrated approach to veterans’ transition programs, including education and programs focused solely on economic opportunity, can better assist veterans reentering the workforce, fostering individual entrepreneurship while combating the harmful “broken veteran” narrative.

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On this episode of the AEI Events Podcast, the Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar joins AEI to discuss the administration’s recent agenda on prescription drug prices.

The US health care system faces a crisis of cost, inefficiency, low value, and complexity. As the Trump administration and Congress work to reform health care, they should consider the innovative approaches developed by purchasers who cover more than half of all Americans — employer-sponsored health plans. Large employers have improved quality and controlled costs through patient engagement, provider payment reform, and delivery system improvement.

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This AEI Events Podcast brings you a dynamic and thought-provoking keynote conversation on American education and workforce development featuring Gov. Doug Ducey (R-AZ) and Arizona State University President Michael Crow. This keynote was part of an event hosted at Arizona State convening some of the nation’s foremost education and labor experts.

Globalization, automation, and other emerging technologies are poised to reshape the workplace, the workforce, and work itself. The skills needed today and in the future are dramatically different from those demanded in the past. These changes merit a broader and more responsive education system with stronger alignment to employer needs and more flexibility for individuals seeking new skills as they move from one job to another.

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On this AEI Events Podcast, AEI welcomes Sen. Mike Lee (R-UT) alongside an esteemed panel to discuss “The Numbers Behind the Opioid Epidemic,” a report from the Joint Economic Committee’s Social Capital Project.

The Social Capital Project of the Joint Economic Committee is a multiyear research effort investigating the quality of the nation’s associational life — a term applied to the web of social relationships such as families, communities, and workplaces. A recent report from the project titled “The Numbers Behind the Opioid Crisis” suggests that a focus on economic sources of despair is unlikely to be productive and that social disrepair is the stronger force.

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