Luke Thompson is a partner at the Applecart political consultancy, a data and analytics firm, and was previously with the National Republican Senatorial Committee and Right to Rise. He has a Ph.D. in political science from Yale, where he taught before entering campaign politics full time. His writing has appeared in National Review.
In this episode of Constitutionally Speaking, Jay and Luke continue their review of the ratifying conventions. The Federalists faced a stiff challenge in Massachusetts, despite the fact that its delegates supported the Constitution at the Constitutional Convention. Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Elbridge Gerry all voiced skepticism. Ultimately a compromise was introduced: The Bay State would ratify the Constitution, with a series of recommended amendments. This helped ease the concerns of moderate Anti-Federalists and was integral to the eventual adoption of the document. Jay and Luke also discuss ratification in Maryland and South Carolina, where the Federalists won easy victories.